THERE are renewed concerns that the UK could be facing a recession as the latest figures show the economy shrank at its sharpest level in seven months during July.

Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) showed that gross domestic product (GDP) contracted by 0.5% in July.

It is the heaviest decline since December last year and comes amid concerns recent interest hikes and persistent inflation could be stifling economic growth.

Economists had forecast a 0.2% decline for the month following a 0.5% monthly increase in June.

Analysts have laid blame at industrial action by healthcare workers in England and wet weather as possible factors for the decline.

However James Smith, developed markets economist at ING, said a recession – which means two consecutive quarters of decline – “can’t be ruled out”.

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He said: “Cutting through the noise, the economy seems to be still growing, albeit fractionally.

“The change in activity over the past three months relative to the three months before is still slightly positive.

“We think the economy is likely to more or less flatline over coming quarters – and a mild recession can’t be ruled out.”

ONS director of economic statistics Darren Morgan added:

“Our initial estimate for July shows that GDP fell; however, the broader picture looks more positive, with the economy growing across the services, production and construction sectors in the last three months.

“In July, industrial action by healthcare workers and teachers negatively impacted services, and it was a weaker month for construction and retail due to the poor weather.

“Manufacturing also fell back following its rebound from the effect of May’s extra bank holiday.”

The National: Junior doctors strikes have been partially blamed for the decline - although the Scottish Government has avoided all NHS strike actionJunior doctors strikes have been partially blamed for the decline - although the Scottish Government has avoided all NHS strike action (Image: Lucy North)

The ONS said all three key areas of the economy – services, construction and production – declined in July.

Lower activity in the services sector was the biggest driver of the latest monthly slump, according to the statistics body.

It said the human health and social work activities sector recorded a 2.1% contraction for the month as a result of industrial action from NHS senior doctors and radiographers in England, as well an increase in strike days from junior doctors.

Scotland is the only nation in the UK to so far avoid strike action by NHS staff.

Elsewhere, the retail and accommodation sectors also dipped as consumer sentiment was held back by poor weather.

However, the arts and entertainment industry had a stronger month because of a busy schedule of sporting events and “increased theme park visits”.

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It comes ahead of a key Bank of England meeting next week, when members of monetary policy committee will vote on interests.

They are expected to increase rates from the current rate of 5.25% to 5.5% in their efforts to grapple inflation.

Chancellor Jeremy Hunt said: “Only by halving inflation can we deliver the sustainable growth and pay rises that the country needs.

“But there are many reasons to be confident about the future.

“We were among the fastest in the G7 to recover from the pandemic and the IMF (International Monetary Fund) have said we will grow faster than Germany, France and Italy in the long term.”

Labour’s shadow chancellor Rachel Reeves said: “Today is another dismal day for growth, and the British economy remains hostage to the Conservatives’ low growth trap that is leaving working people worse off.

“After 13 years of instability, the Conservatives have left the British economy weaker and families having to cope with higher taxes, higher mortgages and higher food and energy bills.”