VACCINE passports could be changing in Scotland on Tuesday as Nicola Sturgeon announces whether the scheme will be extended to venues such as cinemas and restaurants.

Countries elsewhere in Europe are introducing measures of their own in anticipation of Christmas and a fresh wave of coronavirus. 

Support for vaccine certificates enjoy majority support in many European countries – including the UK at 64%. 

This is despite England not having any vaccine passport scheme for its citizens.

READ MORE: Scotland's health and care leaders back extending vaccine passport scheme

Spain, Italy, Sweden, Germany and France all recorded more than 50% support for the Covid measure, according to a recent YouGov poll. 

So what are other countries doing in terms of vaccine passports? And is it working?


President Emmanuel Macron has thanked the success of the country’s health pass in staving off another lockdown – even for those not fully vaccinated. 

Since the summer France has required proof of vaccination, recovery or a negative test for entry to cafes, restaurants and cinemas as well as long-distance trains. 

The country has managed to overcome its high levels of vaccine hesitancy, with many chalking up the turn to its controversial health pass. 


In October Italy became the first European country to make Covid passports compulsory for most workers. 

Proof of vaccination, a negative test or a recent recovery from the virus must be provided or staff face suspension without pay and fines. 

While critics called the policy undemocratic, experts and government officials have credited it with ensuring the country didn’t become the UK - a country with high Covid cases.  


Germany operates a tiered 2G and 3G system, with a distinction between tested people (3G) and vaccinated or recovered people (2G). 

Entry to public spaces is limited in Germany if a person is unable to provide proof of their 2G or 3G status. 

In some cities, business owners can allow entry to 2G or 3G customers on a voluntary basis, including at restaurants, zoos, casinos, sports venues, and various other recreational spaces. 

2G citizens can also go mask free in these venues. 

Officials have also suggested vaccines may become mandatory in the country amid rising cases and high levels of vaccine hesitancy. 

WATCH: Nicola Sturgeon slams Douglas Ross for 'breathtaking immaturity'


After becoming the first European country to introduce vaccine passports, Denmark later scrapped Covid certificates amid falling cases. 

In yet another turn, the Nordic country reintroduced the measure this month. 

It was the first EU country to drop all Covid-19 restrictions, but after surging cases, Danes will now need a certificate if they are to enter nightclubs, cafes, indoor restaurants, and events involving a large number of spectators. 

Most European countries, including Greece, Austra. Belgium, Cyprus, Slovenia, Luxembourg, Latvia, Hungary, Portugal and the Netherlands have implemented their own vaccine passports.