AS climate talks at COP26 enter their second week, the spotlight will be on negotiations driving climate action.

Last week we saw deals brokered on deforestation, methane, stopping fossil fuel finance, phasing out coal, and a day centred around young people and empowerment.

However, much of the focus this week will be on ministers leading political negotiations to finalise parts of the Paris Agreement and make it operational.

The deal signed in 2015 set out a goal to limit global warming well below 2C, preferably to 1.5c, compared to pre-industrial levels.

READ MORE: Owen Paterson row: Boris Johnson is corrupt, says Keir Starmer

There will also be a focus on finance for poor countries to cope with climate change and address the loss and damage they suffer.

Developing countries are the most vulnerable to being affected by floods, droughts and wildfires caused by climate change.

Negotiators will be trying to agree on a “cover decision” from Glasgow that will set out how countries will close the gap between the action to cut emissions they have pledged and what is needed to avoid catastrophic temperature rises.

There is a potential for tension as countries will push for competitive outcomes ahead of the final day of the summit on Friday, November 12.

However, there is a likelihood that the discussions could continue on late into the night and into the weekend.

The National:

Activists have been calling for action on damage caused by climate change

There will be a number of different themes taking centre stage throughout the final days of the conference.

On Monday, delegates will focus on adaptation, loss and damage caused by climate change and how to tackle this.

There will be a number of events looking at the impact of climate change and round tables with ministers setting out how they intend to mitigate this.

It is also understood that former US President Barack Obama will join the summit on Monday.

READ MORE: Brian Cox destroys Labour and makes case for Yes on Andrew Marr Show

Gender equality and the full participation of women and girls in climate action will be the focus on Tuesday, as they are disproportionately impacted by the effects of climate change.

A number of commitments to tackle this are to be promised at a high-level event featuring ministers, civil society, business leaders and activists at 11am in the Plenary Pen Y Fan.

The ways science and innovation can deliver solutions to climate change will also be the focus of Tuesday, with multiple events and discussions looking to put science at the heart of solutions to the problems faced by the planet.

Wednesday’s discussions will be centred around transport and driving the global transition to net-zero emissions in this area.

Decarbonising aviation and shipping will be one of the main goals of the day, as well as hopes that discussions will “kick start the mass market for zero-emission vehicles”.

The National:

Aviation and transport will be the focus of Wednesday's discussions

There will also be the launch of the Clydebank Declaration, which aims to establish ‘green shipping corridors’ - decarbonised shipping routes between two ports.

And on Thursday the focus will be on cities, regions and built environment, with a focus on how communities and local governments can work towards Net Zero.

READ MORE: Unionist campaign given £46k in ‘dark money’ by donor to get the SNP out

Tuesday and Wednesday will also see ministers of countries whose leaders didn’t address the first week of the summit taking to the podium to set out their climate change positions.

Opening the speeches at 3.30pm on Tuesday, His Excellency Ali Salajegheh, Vice President and Head of Department of Environment for Iran will take to the stage.

Delegates will also hear from 31 representatives hailing from Turkey, the European Union Group, Haiti, South Sudan and many others.

The National: Alexy Overchuk (pictured), Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, is also set to make an appearance.

Russia has so far declined to sign on to many of the agreements, including the methane pledge brokered by the EU and US.

On Wednesday, His Royal Highness Prince Abdulaziz bin Salaman Al Saud the Minister of Energy in Saudi Arabia will speak at the summit alongside 33 other ministers from across the globe.

The country has pledged to cut carbon emissions to net zero by 2060, but has remained firm on oil and gas, unwilling to give up its role as the world’s leading producer of the fossil fuel.

The National:

Obama is understood to be joining the summit on Monday

Other nations taking to the stage on Wednesday include Cuba, Cote d’Ivoire, Mexico, Yemen, Ethiopia, UAE, as well as speakers from observer organisations and non-governmental groups.

Manchester Metro Mayor Andy Burnham will be one of the final speakers, on behalf of local government and municipal authorities.

There will also be representatives from trade unions, farmers, youth activists, disability groups and indigenous groups among many others.

READ MORE: SNP demand police investigation into Tory 'cash for honours' scandal

And, outside of the conference venue, there will be protests in the streets pushing for leaders inside the summit to go further and faster to combat global warming.

We previously told how 100,000 people marched in Glasgow on Saturday calling for meaningful change in one of the biggest demonstrations yet.