BORIS Johnson should reconsider his refusal to extend the 11-month period available for agreeing a deal on the future relationship with the EU after Brexit, Ursula von der Leyen has suggested.

The European Commission president said she had “serious concern” over the limited time available for the negotiations and emphasised the need to keep all options open.

“It’s not only about negotiating a free trade deal but many other subjects,” Von der Leyen said in an interview with the French newspaper Les Echos. “It seems to me that on both sides we must ask ourselves seriously if all these negotiations are feasible in such a short time.”

Once the UK leaves the EU on January 31 it will remain in the bloc’s customs union and single market until the end of 2020, with an option to stay within those arrangements for a further two years.

The National: Prime Minister Boris Johnson (Adrian Dennis/PA)

But the Prime Minister has said he will not agree to such an extension, claiming there is ample time to negotiate a comprehensive deal covering all aspects of the current EU-UK relationship, from trade to internal security, transport and data-sharing.

The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a “moment of truth” on July 1, by which time both sides will need to have agreed on prolonging the transition period or face running out of time.

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Should there not be a deal in place on trade, for example, the UK would leave without a deal and likely face major disruption to its economy, with tariffs and quantity restrictions being immediately applied to goods being sold into the EU market.

Von der Leyen, a former German defence minister, said the risks for both sides meant an extension of the transition period could not be ruled out.

“I believe that it would be reasonable to review things in the middle of the year, if necessary to see if an extension is needed,” she said.

Nicola Sturgeon has previously said Johnson’s refusal to extend the time period for the talks increases the risk of a No Deal at the end of next year.

Last night Kirsty Blackman, the SNP’s deputy Westminster leader, echoed the First Minister’s warnings.

She said: “Brexit is far from a done deal, and regardless of what happens now, the chaos caused by Brexit is certain to dominate Westminster politics for many years to come.

“Trade deals could take years to finalise, and there is no guarantee that Scotland will not be left facing another cliff-edge Brexit in a year. The fact remains – no Brexit scenario is better than the relationship with Europe we already enjoy.

“There is nothing that highlights Scotland’s democratic deficit as starkly as Brexit – and the untold damage it will inflict upon jobs, living standards and our NHS.”

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A leaked EU document has set out the key areas of cooperation which will be the subject of negotiation once the Withdrawal Agreement is ratified and the UK has left the EU.

According to the paper, EU diplomats will on January 10 look at the issues involved in maintaining a free flow of data after Brexit and allowing the UK’s financial services sector to continue to operate within the EU through a decision on the “adequacy” of UK regulation in those two areas.

Later in that week, the internal discussions will move on to trade in goods and services and the arrangements for intellectual property and public procurement.

On January 14, diplomats will scope out their position on fisheries and the need for a level playing field under which, the UK will need to sign up to EU fiscal, environmental and social standards. Further seminars are planned on the governance of any agreement to allow dispute resolution, the arrangements in haulage and aviation, security, foreign policy, space, energy, mobility of citizens travelling between the UK and the EU, and UK involvement in the EU’s programmes, including in education.