GERMAN carmaker BMW has said profits in 2019 will be “well below” last year’s and it plans to cut €12 billion (£10.3bn) in costs by the end of 2022 to offset spending on new technology.

The company said profits would be eroded by higher raw materials prices, the costs of compliance with tougher emissions requirements and unfavourable shifts in currency exchange rates.

The Munich-based carmaker also faces increased uncertainty due to international trade conflicts that could lead to higher tariffs.

The company forecast a profit margin of 6% to 8% for its automotive business, short of the long-term strategic target of 8% to 10%, which it said still “remains the ambition” for the company given “a stable business environment”.

BMW said it had no plans for layoffs even as it outlined cost-saving measures that include dropping half of its engine variants as it seeks to reduce product complexity.

The BMW, Mini and Rolls-Royce brands are to get a single sales division.

Chief financial officer Nicolas Peter said that given the headwinds to earnings, “we began to introduce countermeasures at an early stage and have taken a number of far-reaching decisions”.

The company said the measures were needed “to offset the ongoing high level of upfront expenditure required to embrace the mobility of the future”.

Carmakers around the world have faced heavy upfront costs for technology expected to change how people get from one place to another in the next decade.

Those include electric cars and renting cars through smartphone apps.

Yet the returns from such investments remain uncertain and car companies face competition from tech firms such as Uber and Waymo.

BMW made €7.2bn (£6.2bn) in net profit last year, down 17% from 2017, when it booked a gain of one billion dollars from US tax changes.

The company faced headwinds from increased tariffs on vehicles exported to China from the US.

It also suffered from turmoil on the German car market when companies faced bottlenecks getting cars certified for new emissions rules.

BMW faces uncertainty from US-China trade tensions that could result in new tariffs if talks do not result in an agreement.

US President Donald Trump has also threatened to impose car import tariffs that would hit EU carmakers, but has held off for now.

BMW could also suffer disruption if Britain leaves the European Union without a negotiated departure agreement to address trade issues.

The company is the latest to report falling profits. John Lewis reduced its annual staff bonus for the first time in 65 years after a 45.4% fall in annual profits.

And the UK’s high street continues to decline. Figures for 2018 compiled by the Centre for Retail Research show that 148,132 jobs have been wiped out as almost 20,000 shops and restaurants closed their doors.

Several retailers including Asda, House of Fraser and Evans Cycles are expected to cut jobs in 2019.

Other jobs at risk include those at Laura Ashley, Debenhams, Pets At Home and Ikea which unveiled plans to cut 350 UK jobs over the next two years as part of a global transformation plan.