ONLY a third of Scotland’s farmers and landowners are positive about the future amid ongoing uncertainties over Brexit, according to a survey by Johnston Carmichael.

The annual research suggests the majority of farmers (45%) are unsure about the future of the industry while more than a fifth (22%) were feeling negative about the outlook for 2019 and beyond. Last year almost 46% of respondents said they were positive about the future, 38% were uncertain and just under 16% were negative.

The survey also found that recruitment is now a major issue in the farming community with 70% of farmers and landowners finding it difficult to recruit staff with the necessary skills as freedom of movement continues to be debated.

Respondents cited input costs, selling costs and Brexit as being amongst their greatest concerns.

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A significant majority of respondents (31%) said they had downgraded capital expenditure on their businesses because of the continuing uncertainty around Brexit. Three-quarters of farm businesses said they had not undertaken any benchmarking but a quarter were considering it.

Robin Dandie, partner and head of agriculture at Johnston Carmichael, an independent accountancy and business advisory firm, said: “To cope with any of these concerns currently facing the rural sector, those in the top performing 25% of farm businesses are more likely to prosper, whilst those in the lower 25% need to review their farming policy.”

The ageing profile of the farming industry was also apparent in the research. More than three-fifths of respondents were over 50 years old.

Yet almost half do not have succession plans in place with over two fifths (42%) admitting that their retirement would require funding from the business.

Commenting on the research, livestock farmer John Gordon, of Wellheads Farm in Huntly, said that the sector’s ageing workforce was a concern and he encouraged farm businesses to plan for the future.

He said: “It’s never too early to start thinking about the succession plan for your farming business as it does take a bit of time to get it done.

“Including the younger generation in the planning is important as you should be taking them along with you in every decision that you make.”